While India attained independence from the British Raj on 15th August, 1947, Goa was still languishing under four & a half century of Portuguese rule. The Portuguese were among the very first to colonize parts of India, and were the last to leave. Goa was liberated from Portuguese rule on December 19,1961 Armed Guerrillas, Satyagrahis, Journalists and even legendary film artist fought for Goa's independence.
The liberation of Goa was an historic event known as the Fight of freedom - Operations Vijay. Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru summoned the army to conquer Goa on December 17, 1961. On that day around 30,000 Indian ground troops, with Indian Air Force and army, conquered the Portuguese navy.
The day is observed with Parades and celebrations in Goa. A popular torch light Parade is the main attraction on this day. Goans gather at the AZAD MAIDAN & the members of the Parade, pay their respects to the freedom fighters. Cultural programs and Sugam Sangeet are other events that are held during Parade.